E-mail discussion lists
ECS-Talk — A non-moderated e-mail list for people interested in cetacean research.
MARMAM — A moderated e-mail list for people interested in marine mammal research.
taxonomy, species accounts and endangered species
Cetaceans of the World
A database of modern cetacean taxonomy edited by William Perrin.
taxonomy and common names (Tethys Research Institute)
Classification of cetaceans
based on recent taxonomic revisions and new discoveries, with common names
in English and Italian.
taxonomy and common names (Cetacea.de)
A site with common names in German.
review on small cetaceans: distribution, behaviour, migration and threats
Compiled by Boris M. Culik for the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS)
Red List of Threatened Species
The International Union for Conservation of Nature classification of the status of living species.
National Red Lists
This site provides a focal point for the global conservation community to share biodiversity data, Conservation Actions Plans and Red Listing experiences, and in doing so, work together towards the effective conservation of species worldwide.
World Register of Marine Species
WoRMS provides an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of marine organisms, including information on synonymy. While highest priority goes to valid names, other names in use are included so that this register can serve as a guide to interpret taxonomic literature. The content of WoRMS is controlled by taxonomic experts.
Sponsored by WDCS, this site is dedicated to the conservation of the critical
habitats of whales, dolphins and porpoises in national waters and on the
high seas of the world ocean. You will find explanations of key marine
protected area (MPA) terms such as critical habitat and ecosystem-based
management; excerpts from Erich Hoyt’s book Marine Protected Areas
for Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises; an interactive directory and poster-map
of the more than 500 MPAs and sanctuaries for cetaceans, both proposed
and existing; news about MPAs and interviews with cetacean experts, and
a detailed resource section with links and downloads.
global - A database of the world’s Marine Protected Areas
This project falls within the Sea Around Us Project, an activity initiated
and funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts, and hosted by the University
of British Columbia's Fisheries Centre. It is the result of a formal collaboration
between the Sea Around Us Project, World Wildlife Fund (WWF), United Nations
Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC)
and the World Commission on Protected Areas
(IUCN-WCPA). This project has two main goals: firstly, to develop a more
robust global marine protected area (MPA) baseline than currently exists;
and secondly, to develop alternative scenarios of global MPA networks
using spatial modelling techniques.
The Database of Experts in Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean
A tool developed by WWF Mediterranean and the MEDPAN network for managers of marine protected areas (MPAs) in the Mediterranean Sea.
Marine biodiversity databases
Website for project OBIS-SEAMAP (Ocean Biogeographic Information System
- Spatial Ecological Analysis of Megavertebrate Populations). Marine mammal,
seabird and sea turtle data are organized into a spatially referenced
A global information system with all you ever wanted to know about fishes.
FishBase is a relational database with information to cater to different
professionals such as research scientists, fisheries managers, zoologists
and many more.
A FishBase-like information system for marine organisms. It provides, for each species included, the biological information necessary to conduct biodiversity and ecosystem studies, taking advantage of lists of species already available on paper and electronically, and using the scientific names they provide as ‘hook’ to organize biodiversity information.
The Cephalopod Page
CephBase is a relational database-driven interactive web page providing reliable data on cephalopods as well as information for almost all of the world's cephalopod specialists.
Standardized distribution maps for currently 7,000+ species of fishes,
marine mammals and invertebrates. Please note that maps for Mediterranean
cetaceans often represent suitable or potential habitat rather than actual
portals, bibliographies, search tools
The European Centre for Information on Marine Science and Technology is
an internal portal for sharing information and creating synergy in Europe.
Sea Grant Library
The National Sea Grant Library (NSGL) is the official Sea Grant archive
and home to a comprehensive collection of Sea Grant–funded documents.
This collection covers a wide variety of subjects, such as oceanography,
marine education, aquaculture, fisheries, aquatic nuisance species, coastal
hazards, seafood safety, limnology, coastal zone management, marine recreation,
Around Us Project
The Sea Around Us Project is devoted to studying the impact of fisheries
on the world's marine ecosystems. To achieve this, project staff have
used a Geographic Information System to map global fisheries catches from
1950 to the present, under explicit consideration of coral reefs, seamounts,
estuaries and other critical habitats of fish, marine invertebrates, marine
mammals and other components of marine biodiversity. The data presented,
which are all freely available, are meant to support studies of global
fisheries trends and the development of sustainable, ecosystem-based fisheries
The Environment Directory is one of the largest exclusively environmental
organization directories on the web and includes sites from over 100 countries.
Watery World of Whales
A site with miscellaneus information about whales and whale conservation.
Giovanni is a web-based application that provides a simple and intuitive way to visualize, analyze, and access vast amounts of Earth science remote sensing data without having to download the data. Giovanni is comprised of a number of interfaces, called instances, each tailored to meet the needs of different research communities: Atmospheric, Environmental, Ocean, and Hydrology.
Subsidies paid to owners of fishing vessels and others working in the fishing industry under the European Union’s common fisheries policy amount to approximately €1 billion a year. Fishsubsidy.org – a project coordinated by EU Transparency and Kaas and Mulvad – tells you who gets what from the Common Fisheries Policy.
The Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology is the world's largest natural sound and video archive of animal behavior. A large percentage of the recordings can be searched and played online. The Library also provides services for consultation, custom compilations, and professionally edited versions of its assets.
A database for research in automatic recognition of marine
Underwater bioacoustics and marine mammals
The Interdisciplinary Center for Bioacoustics and Environmental Research,
founded in 1988, is endowed with a Laboratory of Marine Bioacoustics and
Acoustical Oceanography. Its activities focus on research projects on
the acoustic communication in animals, the development of equipment and
protocols for the monitoring and censusing with passive acoustics, the
development of advanced sound analysis methods based on the digital processing
of signals, the establishment of a Digital Sound Library of Mediterranean
Cetaceans as well as the technical support to other institutions involved
in bioacoustical research.
Discovery of Sound in the Sea
This website will introduce you to the science and uses of sound in the sea. The Audio Gallery features underwater sounds created by marine animals, human activities, and natural phenomena such as lightning, earthquakes, and rain. The Technology Gallery features a variety of equipment that uses sound to investigate the ocean. The site also includes video interviews with scientists that study how marine animals produce and hear sounds. Investigate how scientists use underwater acoustics to track ocean currents, identify potential obstacles, and quantify fish distributions. There is also a special section for teachers with resources and classroom activities. The Discovery of Sound in the Sea website focuses on acoustics in the ocean. However, much of the information about sound in the ocean and underwater bioacoustics are true for all aquatic environments.
Photos and videos
A collection of thousands of videos, images and fact-files illustrating the world's species, including marine mammals.
The Marine Photobank is a leading visual resource that has galvanized
people from all over the planet to collect, share and download marine
photos, images and graphics that shed light on how humans have affected
life in the ocean. These images are available at no cost for non-commercial
purposes as well as for media use.
Marine Mammal Radiology
The website is designed to disseminate information regarding marine mammal diagnostic imaging studies including the types of studies available and examples of normal anatomy and disease processes from different marine mammal species.
sites containing relevant information and/or multiple resources
for Marine Mammalogy
The Society for Marine Mammalogy, founded in 1981, aims to: 1) evaluate
and promote the educational, scientific and managerial advancement of
marine mammal science, 2) gather and disseminate to members of the Society,
the public and public and private institutions, scientific, technical
and management information through publications and meetings; and 3) provide
scientific information, as required, on matters related to the conservation
and management of marine mammal resources.
The European Cetacean Society (ECS, established in 1987) aims to promote
and co-ordinate the scientific study and conservation of cetaceans, and
to gather and disseminate information to members and the general public.
IUCN Cetacean Specialist Group
The Cetacean Specialist Group promotes and facilitates the conservation of cetaceans worldwide. It functions as a catalyst, clearinghouse, and facilitator for cetacean-related research and conservation action. Emphasis is on the recovery of endangered species and populations, while also recognising the importance of maintaining the full diversity of the cetacean species and populations.
Bycatch Resource Center
online clearinghouse for information, statistics, news, inquiries, scientific
papers, technological advances and the latest developments in cetacean
Bycatch Reduction Techniques Database
A searchable database of references and summaries from bycatch reduction studies, as well as descriptions of bycatch mitigation techniques.
The University of British Columbia Fisheries Centre promotes multidisciplinary
study of aquatic ecosystems and broad-based collaboration with maritime
communities, government, NGOs and other partners.
Blue Ocean Institute works to inspire a closer relationship with the sea
through science, art, and literature. It develops conservation solutions
that are compassionate to people as well as to ocean wildlife, and shares
reliable information that enlightens personal choices, instills hope,
and helps restore living abundance in the ocean.
The European Environment Agency is the EU body dedicated to providing
sound, independent information on the environment. It is a main information
source for those involved in developing, adopting, implementing and evaluating
environmental policy, and also the general public.
Investigation Agency (EIA)
The Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) is an international campaigning
organisation committed to investigating and exposing environmental crime.
FAO's Major Programme on Fisheries aims to promote sustainable development
of responsible fisheries and contribute to food security. To implement
this Major Programme, the Fisheries Department focuses its activities,
through programmes in Fishery Resources, Fishery Policy, Fishery Industries
and Fishery Information.
The US NOAA Fisheries Service is dedicated to the stewardship of living
marine resources through science-based conservation and management, and
the promotion of healthy ecosystems.
Fish are Caught or Farmed
Commercial fisheries use a variety of fishing methods and fishing gear
to catch the fish we eat. Some are environmentally friendly; others aren't.
This site by the Monterey Bay Aquarium reviews fishing methods and features
drawings and simple animations.
An interactive educational web site which focuses on whales and marine
research. WhaleNet is sponsored by Wheelock College in Boston, Massachusetts
with initial support from the National Science Foundation.
Don't Feed Wild Dolphins
Video and other information to discourage people from feeding and inappropriately interacting with wild dolphins.
OceanLaw is a leading provider of research and consultancy services concerning
international law of the sea and ocean policy, and a leading developer
of information and knowledge resources in these fields. With particular
specialisms in international fisheries law and protection of the marine
environment and marine biodiversity, OceanLaw's expertise extends to all
areas of ocean law and policy including seabed issues, navigation, shipping,
maritime boundary issues, marine scientific research and the settlement
of disputes. OceanLaw is also the publisher of a number of major resources
in the field of international fisheries law.
International Wildlife Law
Aims to contribute to the conservation of endangered wildlife species
by helping to strengthen international wildlife treaty regimes, regional
accords and national legislation that implements international treaty
regimes. The group's efforts focus on scholarship and public education
for scientific research on cetaceans and other taxonomic groups
Technical equipment for cetacean research, including hydrophones, suction
cups and other tools targeted to marine mammal research professionals.
A software system which allows marine scientists to maintain information for the study of various behavioral and ecological patterns of common bottlenose dolphins. The software provides a graphical user interface to access a collection of digital dorsal fin images along with textual information which describes individual animals as well as relevant sighting data. Users may query the system with the name of a specific individual or the entire collection may be sorted and viewed based upon sighting location, sighting date, or damage category. Alternatively, the researcher may query a database of previously identified dolphin dorsal fin images with an image of an unidentified dolphin's fin. Darwin responds with a rank ordered list of database fin images that most closely resemble the query image. Darwin is also available on GoogleCode.
Distance is a Windows-based computer package that allows to design and analyze distance sampling surveys of wildlife populations.
Program MARK is the most flexible, widely used application currently available for parameter estimation using data from marked individuals.
for the analysis of animal social structure
SOCPROG is a series of MATLAB programs written by Hal Whitehead for analyzing
data on the social structure, population structure and movements of identified
individuals. The programs are designed to be easy to use, most input is
done through graphical user interfaces, and most things can be done without
any knowledge of MATLAB. The programs are designed to be flexible so you
can tailor the analyses to your data and hypotheses.
Marine Mammal Movement and Behavior (3MB)
The 3MB software is a component of the Effects of Sound on the Marine Environment (ESME) software package but is also available as a stand-alone package. The 3MB software allows the creation of simulated aquatic species, or animats. Each animat consists of a series of behavioral states with probabilities of transition between states that can be modified according to abiotic factors (e.g. time of day, bathymetry). Each behavioral state contains controls for dictating the various components of an animat's dive behavior, including depth, ascent and descent speed, horizontal rate of travel, surface time, etc. Animat movements may also be constrained by bathymetric features and animats can be made responsive to simulated sound exposures. Furthermore, animats may function as individuals or be constrained to "pod" behavior. The 3MB software permits the exploration of species dive behavior and provides an approach to estimating acoustic impacts to marine mammals when integrated with a suitable sound propagation model. Simple sound sources are made available in 3MB and a suite of "aversive" behaviors that are triggered above a threshold response can be programmed by the user. This permits the exploration of possible response scenarios to sound exposure, including the potential for beaching.
A computer-aided fluke matching program which increases efficiency in identifying individuals and finding resights within photo-identification catalogues of humpback whales.
Marine Mammal Habitat Modeling
A resource for researchers seeking to use statistical models to examine relationships between marine mammal occurrence/distribution and the environment. Several workshops have been held on this subject in conjunction with the Society for Marine Mammalogy's Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, and this website is a repository for presentations, schedules, software, references, and other resources associated with these workshops.
mammal skeletal preparation and articulation
A message sent to MARMAM, explaining how to prepare a marine mammal skeleton.
Cetacean passive monitoring equipment
Chelonia Limited manufactures passive cetacean monitoring equipment designed for use in a wide range of research projects and environments.
PAMGUARD - cetacean passive acoustic monitoring software
An open source (publicly owned and freely available) development which aims to address the limitations of existing cetacean passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) software capabilities by creating an integrated PAM software infrastructure that is open source and available to all users.
for population analysis
A fairly complete list of available software and related information to
perform population analysis, particularly in terms of estimation of abundance,
and both survival and recruitment rates (using both capture-recapture
and recovery models).
List of programs developed at the Patuxent Wildlife Research
Center and elsewhere for the analysis of animal populations for wildlife
biologists and managers.
The program interfaces with a digital theodolite and provides a dynamic
and user-friendly interface to support theodolite tracking. The system
collects, manages and analyzes theodolite data and calculates distance,
bearing, and location information in real-time. It was designed to store
theodolite station information (such as the observation height, geographical
position of the station, and reference azimuth) for multiple stations.
Raven Pro is an interactive sound analysis programme intended for bioacoustics research. Raven allows for the acquisition, visualization, measurement, and analysis of sounds. It is produced by Cornell University's Bioacoustics Research Program. Raven Pro provides a powerful, user-friendly research and teaching tool for scientists working with acoustic signals. Raven Lite is a free software program that lets users record, save, and visualize sounds as spectrograms and waveforms. Raven Exhibit is a sound visualization and recording system optimized for public displays and exhibits. Raven Viewer provides visual access to the sounds in the Macaulay Library archive, the world's largest collection of recorded animal sounds.